Researchers have found that early Neolithic humans in Britain used distinctive and rare crystals to mark burial sites and moved them long distances. Previously, evidence had been discovered that the prehistoric Britons used rock crystals, a rare type of perfectly transparent quartz formed in large hexagonal gemstones. However, little research had been done to determine how the material was used and its potential meaning.
These rare stones were most likely transported to these burial sites from a source more than 130 kilometers away, through mountainous terrain.
What’s more, these crystals appeared to have been carefully broken into smaller pieces, which the researchers say could have been agreed upon during a community gathering to observe the workings of what might have been thought to be rocks. magical.
Speaking to Live Science, Dr Nick Overton, an archaeologist at the University of Manchester, said: “You can consider this a really special event.
“You get the impression that they put a lot of emphasis on practical work [the crystal] … people would have remembered it as distinctive and different.”
Archaeologists excavated a site at Dorstone Hill in Herefordshire, a mile south of another excavation at Arthur’s Stone.
Here they discovered a complex of 6,000-year-old wooden halls, burial mounds and enclosures dating from the early Neolithic period, which marked when farming and farming came to Britain.
Here, researchers discovered a range of artifacts including pottery, stone tools and cremated bones.
However, the striking find was the rock crystal at the site, which was cut or cut and shaped like the flint at the site.
Dr Overton said: “It was very exciting to find the crystal because it is exceptionally rare – in a time before glass, these pieces of perfectly transparent solid material must have been really distinctive.
“I was very interested in finding out where the material came from and how people were able to work with it and use it.
“The crystals would have looked very unusual compared to other stones they used, and are extremely distinctive as they emit light when struck or rubbed together and produce small rainbow specks – we support that their use would have created memorable moments that brought people together, forged local identities, and connected the living with the dead from whom they were deposited.
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